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3.2.1 The components of GIS

A Geographic Information System is a computer system for processing, representing and analyzing all objects and events that exist or occur on the earth (geographic information). This system is made up of several equally important components: data, hardware, software, methods and users. The following diagram gives us an overview of all its components.

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The components of a GIS

Geographic information is the spatial representation of an object or phenomenon, whether real or not.